Nayib Bukele, President of El Salvador, will address the Congress at the Legislative Assembly building in San Salvador, El Salvador on Tuesday, June 1, 2021. Photographer: Camilo Freedman / Bloomberg via Getty Images
Bloomberg | Bloomberg | Getty Images
MIAMI – El Salvador announced a law on Saturday that will make it the first sovereign nation in the world to introduce Bitcoin as legal tender alongside the US dollar.
In a video broadcast on Bitcoin 2021, a multi-day conference in Miami considered the largest Bitcoin event in history, President Nayib Bukele announced El Salvador’s partnership with the digital wallet company Strike to power the country’s modern financial infrastructure with Bitcoin Build technology.
Strike founder and CEO Jack Mallers said this will be considered “the global shot for bitcoin”.
“What is transformative here is that Bitcoin is both the largest reserve asset ever created and a superior currency network. Holding bitcoin provides a way to protect developing economies from potential shocks from fiat currency inflation, ”Mallers continued.
From the main stage, Mallers said the move will help unlock the power and potential of Bitcoin for everyday use cases in an open network that will benefit individuals, businesses and public sector services.
El Salvador is a largely cashless economy, with around 70% of people without bank accounts or credit cards. Remittances or the money sent home by migrants account for more than 20% of El Salvador’s gross domestic product. The established services may charge 10% or more fees for these international transfers, which can sometimes take days to arrive and which sometimes require physical collection.
While details of how the rollout will work are pending, CNBC is told that El Salvador has assembled a team of Bitcoin executives to help build a new financial ecosystem with Bitcoin as the base tier.
“It was inevitable, but here it was: the first country on the way to establishing Bitcoin as legal tender,” said Adam Back, CEO of Blockstream.
Back said he plans to contribute technologies like Liquid and satellite infrastructure to make El Salvador a model for the world.
“We are excited to support El Salvador on its journey to adopting the Bitcoin standard,” he said.
This isn’t El Salvador’s first step in Bitcoin. In March, Strike launched its mobile payment app there, which quickly became the number one downloaded app in the country.